Practice Direction: Hearing Assignments

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1.0 This Practice Direction:

  • explains the process for assigning Vice-Chairs and Panels to hearings.

2.0 Legislation

  • 2.1 The Tribunal Chair assigns hearings to Vice-Chairs to decide matters under the Act (Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, section 174 (2)). Vice-Chairs decide most cases.
  • 2.2 If the Tribunal Chair considers it appropriate in the circumstances, the Chair may assign a Panel to hear a matter. The Panel shall consist of a Vice-Chair, a Member representing workers and a Member representing employers. (Section 174(3) of the Act)
  • 2.3 The Tribunal Chair may also hear cases, either sitting alone or as the Chair of a Panel.

3.0 Panel Assignments

  • 3.1 In deciding whether to assign a Panel, the Tribunal Chair gives particular consideration to whether the case involves:
    • medical/scientific issues which have important implications for the workplace insurance system
    • novel legal interpretations, particularly under new legislation
    • significant credibility findings which require a “jury-like” determination
    • issues where Tribunal case law is still developing and a need exists for a particularly well-reasoned decision reflecting both employer and worker perspectives
    • new hearing techniques or procedures; and/or
    • significant financial consequences for the Insurance Fund, particularly where only one party is participating.

4.0 Requests for Panel Assignments

  • 4.1 If an appellant wants to ask for a Panel to hear his or her appeal or application, s/he should make a written request at least eight weeks prior to the hearing date. The request must contain reasons and should consider the factors in 3.1.
  • 4.2 The appellant must send the request to the Manager, Scheduling Administration and send a copy of the request to all parties participating in the hearing.
  • 4.3 The Tribunal Chair will review the request and make a decision. The Manager, Scheduling Administration will advise the parties in writing of the Tribunal Chair’s decision.
  • 4.4 If an appellant has not requested that a Panel hear his or her appeal or application, s/he may learn whether a Panel or Vice-Chair has been assigned by contacting the Tribunal within four weeks of the scheduled hearing. The Tribunal will not disclose the identity of the Panel or Vice-Chair before the hearing unless the Panel or Vice-Chair has made a pre-hearing ruling.
  • 4.5 Occasionally unforeseen circumstances may prevent a Member from appearing at a hearing. After considering the parties’ views, the Tribunal Chair may authorize the Vice Chair to proceed to hear the matter alone.
  • 4.6 A request for a Panel should not be made at the hearing. The Act does not give a Vice-Chair the authority to grant such a request.
Effective date: July 1, 2014
Workplace Safety and Insurance Appeals Tribunal